Did you know that Maltese dogs have a higher risk of developing blindness compared to other dog breeds? This may come as a surprise considering their small size and fluffy appearance, but Maltese dogs can be prone to certain eye conditions that can lead to vision loss.

Maltese dogs are known for their beautiful white coats and lively personalities, but they are also susceptible to a genetic eye disorder called progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). PRA is a degenerative condition that affects the retina, eventually leading to blindness. Research has shown that up to 40% of Maltese dogs may carry the gene responsible for PRA, making early detection and regular eye check-ups crucial for their overall eye health. By identifying and managing the condition early on, veterinarians can help slow down its progression and potentially preserve the dog’s vision for a longer period of time. Regular eye examinations and genetic testing can play a vital role in detecting and preventing vision loss in Maltese dogs.

do maltese go blind?


Do Maltese Go Blind? – Everything You Need to Know

Do Maltese Go Blind?

Maltese dogs are loved for their charming personalities and beautiful white coats. However, like any other breed, they are prone to certain health issues. One question that often arises among Maltese owners is whether these adorable dogs are prone to blindness. In this article, we will delve into this topic and provide you with all the information you need to know about Maltese and their eye health.

Common Eye Conditions in Maltese

Before we address the question of blindness, it is important to be aware of the common eye conditions that Maltese dogs may experience. Just like humans, dogs can be affected by various ailments that can impact their vision. In Maltese, some of the most frequently observed eye conditions include:

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1. Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)

Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a hereditary condition that affects the retina of the eye. It is gradually progressive and can eventually lead to total blindness. Dogs with PRA initially experience night blindness and a progressive loss of vision during daylight as the disease worsens. Unfortunately, Maltese dogs are one of the breeds predisposed to this condition. If you suspect your Maltese may have PRA, it is crucial to consult with a veterinarian for a proper diagnosis and potential treatment options.

2. Cataracts

Cataracts are another condition that can impact the vision of your Maltese. A cataract is a clouding of the lens in the eye, which can cause blurry vision or even complete opacity, leading to blindness. Cataracts can be caused by various factors, including genetics, aging, and certain underlying health conditions. While cataract surgery is an option for treating this condition, prevention through regular veterinary check-ups and a healthy lifestyle is crucial.

3. Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome, scientifically known as Keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is a relatively common condition in Maltese dogs. It occurs when there is a deficiency in tear production, leading to dry and irritated eyes. Without proper lubrication, the cornea can become inflamed and damaged, potentially leading to visual impairment. Treatment for KCS usually involves artificial tear solutions and in some cases, medications to stimulate tear production.

4. Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a condition characterized by increased pressure within the eye, which can lead to irreversible damage to the optic nerve. It can be painful for the dog and, if left untreated, can ultimately result in blindness. Maltese dogs are not highly predisposed to primary glaucoma, but secondary glaucoma can occur as a result of other eye conditions. Regular eye examinations and prompt treatment are essential to manage glaucoma effectively.

5. Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis, or pink eye, is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the thin membrane that covers the whites of the eyes and lines the inside of the eyelids. It can be caused by allergies, infections, or irritants. While conjunctivitis does not typically cause long-term blindness, it can cause discomfort and temporary visual impairment. Treatment usually involves eye drops or ointments prescribed by a veterinarian.

6. Corneal Ulcers

Corneal ulcers are open sores on the cornea, the clear outer layer of the eye. They can be painful and cause redness, discharge, and squinting. Corneal ulcers can occur due to trauma, foreign objects, infections, or underlying health conditions. Prompt treatment is crucial to prevent further damage and potential vision loss.

7. Retinal Dysplasia

Retinal Dysplasia is a condition in which the retina, the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye, does not develop correctly. It can cause folds or detachments of the retina, leading to visual impairment. While some Maltese dogs may have a milder form of retinal dysplasia that does not significantly affect their vision, severe cases can result in blindness. Regular eye examinations by a veterinarian can help detect this condition and provide appropriate guidance.

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How to Protect Your Maltese’s Eye Health

Now that you are familiar with the potential eye conditions that can affect your Maltese, let’s explore some tips to protect their eye health:

1. Regular Veterinary Check-Ups

Regular visits to the veterinarian are essential to monitor and maintain your Maltese’s eye health. Your vet will be able to detect any early signs of eye conditions and provide appropriate treatment or preventive measures.

2. Eye Cleaning

Keep your Maltese’s eyes clean by gently wiping them with a damp, soft cloth. This helps remove any dirt or debris that could potentially cause irritation or infection.

3. Healthy Diet

A balanced and nutritious diet is crucial for your Maltese’s overall well-being, including their eye health. Consult with your veterinarian to ensure that your dog is receiving the proper nutrients to support their ocular health.

4. Protect from Environmental Hazards

Prevent your Maltese from coming into contact with harmful substances or environments that can damage their eyes. This includes avoiding exposure to cigarette smoke, chemicals, and sharp objects.

5. Limit Sun Exposure

Excessive sun exposure can increase the risk of certain eye conditions, such as cataracts. Consider using dog-specific sunglasses or providing shade for your Maltese when spending time outdoors on sunny days.


While Maltese dogs are not inherently prone to blindness, they can be affected by various eye conditions that may lead to impaired vision or even blindness if left untreated. It is crucial to prioritize your Maltese’s eye health by being vigilant, seeking regular veterinary care, and following the tips mentioned above. By doing so, you can help ensure that your adorable Maltese companion enjoys a lifetime of clear sight and good ocular health.

Key Takeaways: Do Maltese Go Blind?

  • Maltese dogs are prone to certain eye conditions, but not all will go blind.
  • Some common eye issues in Maltese dogs include cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy.
  • Regular eye exams can help prevent or detect eye problems early in Maltese dogs.
  • If a Maltese has a genetic predisposition to eye diseases, the risk of going blind may be higher.
  • Proper nutrition and care can help minimize the chances of a Maltese going blind.

Frequently Asked Questions

Welcome to our FAQs section where we answer common questions about the health of Maltese dogs. Here, we provide insights into whether Maltese dogs are prone to blindness and how to care for their eyes.

1. What are the chances of Maltese dogs going blind?

While Maltese dogs can develop certain eye conditions, such as cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy, the chances of them going blind are relatively low. With proper veterinary care and early detection of any potential issues, the risk can be minimized. Routine eye examinations are essential to monitor the health of their eyes and catch any problems early on.

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To reduce the risk of blindness, it’s important to maintain good overall health for your Maltese. Proper nutrition, regular exercise, and a stress-free environment can contribute to their overall well-being, including their eye health.

2. What eye conditions are commonly seen in Maltese dogs?

Some of the eye conditions commonly seen in Maltese dogs include cataracts, dry eye (keratoconjunctivitis sicca), and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA). Cataracts refer to the clouding of the lens in the eye, which can lead to vision impairment if left untreated. Dry eye is a condition where the eyes do not produce enough tears, causing discomfort and potential corneal damage. PRA is a genetic disorder that causes the gradual degeneration of the retina, ultimately leading to blindness.

Early detection, prompt treatment, and regular veterinary check-ups can help manage these conditions and prevent further vision loss. It’s crucial to be observant of any changes in your Maltese’s eyes and seek professional advice if necessary.

3. How can I take care of my Maltese dog’s eyes?

Proper eye care is essential to maintain the overall health of your Maltese’s eyes. Here are some tips:

– Keep the eye area clean by gently wiping away any discharge or debris with a clean, damp cloth or cotton pad.

– Regularly trim the hair around the eyes to prevent irritation and reduce the risk of eye infections.

– Protect their eyes from harsh sunlight and environmental irritants by using doggy sunglasses or keeping them indoors during peak sun hours.

– Schedule regular eye examinations with a veterinarian to monitor their eye health and identify potential issues early on.

4. Are there any signs I should watch out for that indicate potential eye problems in my Maltese?

Yes, there are several signs that may indicate potential eye problems in your Maltese:

– Excessive tearing or discharge.

– Redness or inflammation of the eyes.

– Frequent squinting or pawing at the eyes.

– Cloudy or opaque appearance of the eyes.

– Changes in behavior, such as reluctance to go outside or avoiding bright lights.

If you observe any of these signs or any other changes in your Maltese’s eyes, it’s important to consult a veterinarian as soon as possible for a thorough examination and appropriate treatment.

5. Can blindness be prevented in Maltese dogs?

While it isn’t always possible to prevent every case of blindness in Maltese dogs, there are steps you can take to minimize the risk:

– Regular veterinary check-ups: Routine eye examinations can help detect any potential issues early on, allowing for timely intervention and treatment.

– Genetic testing: If you are considering getting a Maltese puppy, opt for a reputable breeder who conducts genetic testing to rule out any hereditary eye conditions.

– Maintain good overall health: Proper nutrition, regular exercise, and a stress-free environment contribute to your Maltese’s overall well-being, including their eye health.

– Prompt treatment: If your Maltese is diagnosed with an eye condition, follow your veterinarian’s advice and administer any prescribed medications or treatments to manage the condition effectively and minimize vision loss.

By being proactive in your Maltese’s eye care and seeking professional advice whenever needed, you can help reduce the risk of blindness and ensure their eyes stay healthy for years to come.

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Source: lifelearn.com


So, do Maltese dogs go blind? The answer is yes, they can. It’s important to take care of their eyes with regular check-ups and keep their environment safe from potential hazards. Remember, early detection and treatment are key to keeping their eyes healthy and avoiding blindness. Stay proactive, and your Maltese will have a bright and clear future!

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