As a professional with a love for Maltese dogs, I often get asked what they should eat. Did you know that Maltese dogs are prone to dental issues? This makes their diet especially important in maintaining their oral health. To ensure their well-being, Maltese dogs should be fed a balanced diet that consists of high-quality dog food specifically formulated for small breeds.

When it comes to what Maltese dogs should eat, it’s crucial to understand their unique needs. These adorable little companions have a delicate digestive system, making it important to provide them with easily digestible food. Additionally, they require a balanced mix of protein, carbohydrates, and healthy fats to support their energy levels and overall health. It’s recommended to consult with a veterinarian to determine the most suitable diet for your Maltese, taking into account their age, activity level, and any specific health concerns they may have. By providing them with the right nutrition, you can help ensure that your Maltese stays happy, healthy, and full of life.

what should maltese dogs eat?


What Should Maltese Dogs Eat? A Guide to Keeping Your Furry Friend Healthy and Happy

Welcome to our comprehensive guide on what Maltese dogs should eat. As a proud owner of this adorable breed, it’s essential to provide them with a wholesome and balanced diet that caters to their specific nutritional needs. Maltese dogs are known for their long, silky white coats and gentle nature, and proper nutrition plays a vital role in maintaining their overall health and well-being. In this article, we will delve into the dietary requirements of Maltese dogs, explore the best food options, and provide valuable tips to ensure your furry friend stays healthy and happy for years to come.

Understanding the Unique Nutritional Needs of Maltese Dogs

Maltese dogs have specific nutritional requirements that differ from larger dog breeds. As a toy breed, Maltese dogs have a faster metabolism and require a diet rich in protein and healthy fats. Quality protein sources, such as chicken, turkey, or fish, should make up a significant portion of their diet to support their muscle development and maintain a healthy coat. Additionally, Maltese dogs are prone to dental issues, so it’s essential to include foods that promote dental health, such as crunchy kibble or dental treats.

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In terms of portion sizes, Maltese dogs are small in size, weighing between 4 to 7 pounds. Therefore, their daily calorie intake should be carefully monitored to prevent weight gain. A balanced diet that includes appropriate portions of proteins, complex carbohydrates, and fats will help maintain their ideal weight and prevent obesity-related health issues. It’s important to consult with your veterinarian to determine the exact nutritional needs of your Maltese dog based on their age, weight, activity level, and overall health.

In addition to a balanced diet, Maltese dogs require plenty of fresh, clean water at all times. Proper hydration is essential for their overall health, digestion, and maintaining a glossy coat. Make sure to change the water frequently and provide a water bowl that is easily accessible for their small size.

Choosing the Right Food for Your Maltese Dog

When it comes to selecting commercial dog food for Maltese dogs, it’s crucial to opt for high-quality brands that use premium ingredients. Look for dog food formulas specifically designed for small breeds or toy breeds, as these will take into account their unique dietary needs. The first ingredient listed on the label should be a quality source of animal protein, such as chicken or fish. Avoid dog foods that contain fillers, artificial additives, and by-products, as these can negatively impact your dog’s health.

While commercial dog food can be a convenient option, many owners prefer to prepare homemade meals for their Maltese dogs. This allows you to have full control over the ingredients and ensures that your furry friend receives a fresh and nutritious diet. If you choose to prepare homemade meals, it’s essential to work with a veterinary nutritionist to ensure that your Maltese dog’s nutritional needs are being met. Homemade meals should consist of lean proteins, healthy fats, whole grains, and a variety of fruits and vegetables.

Regardless of whether you choose commercial dog food or homemade meals, it’s important to introduce any dietary changes gradually to prevent stomach upset. Start by mixing the new food with the old food in increasing proportions over the course of a week until your Maltese dog is fully transitioned to the new diet.

Feeding Tips and Recommendations for Maltese Dogs

Feeding a Maltese dog requires careful attention to portion sizes, meal frequency, and the inclusion of essential nutrients. Here are some tips and recommendations to keep in mind:

  • Follow a consistent feeding schedule: Maltese dogs thrive on routine, so establish a consistent feeding schedule and stick to it. This helps with digestion and prevents them from overeating.
  • Divide meals into smaller portions: Due to their small size, Maltese dogs have tiny stomachs. Split their daily calorie intake into three to four smaller meals to prevent overeating and aid digestion.
  • Monitor your dog’s weight: Regularly check your Maltese dog’s weight and adjust their portion sizes accordingly. If they start to gain weight, reduce their caloric intake, but if they lose weight, consult with your veterinarian for appropriate adjustments.
  • Avoid overfeeding treats: While treats are an excellent way to reward and train your Maltese dog, be mindful of the calorie content. Treats should not account for more than 10% of their daily caloric intake.
  • Include dental care: As mentioned earlier, Maltese dogs are prone to dental issues. Incorporate dental treats, chew toys, or brushing their teeth regularly to maintain good oral hygiene.
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Supplements for Maltese Dogs: Supporting Their Health From the Inside Out

In addition to a balanced diet, some Maltese dogs may benefit from certain supplements to support their overall health. While it’s important to consult with your veterinarian before adding any supplements to your dog’s diet, here are a few commonly recommended options:

1. Omega-3 Fatty Acids

Omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish oil supplements, can help promote a healthy coat and skin. These essential fatty acids also have anti-inflammatory properties, which can be beneficial for Maltese dogs prone to allergies or skin conditions.

It’s crucial to choose an omega-3 supplement specifically formulated for dogs and follow the recommended dosage based on your dog’s weight. Omega-3 supplements are available in various forms, including capsule or liquid, and can easily be incorporated into your Maltese dog’s diet.

2. Probiotics

Probiotics are beneficial bacteria that help support your dog’s digestive health. They can aid in maintaining a healthy gut flora and improve digestion. Many Maltese dogs are prone to digestive issues, such as food intolerances or sensitive stomachs, so incorporating a probiotic supplement can be beneficial.

Choose a probiotic supplement specifically formulated for dogs and follow the recommended dosage. Probiotics are available in powder or chewable form and can be easily added to your Maltese dog’s food.

3. Joint Supplements

As small breeds, Maltese dogs are susceptible to joint issues, such as luxating patella (kneecap dislocation) or arthritis. Joint supplements, such as glucosamine and chondroitin, can help support joint health and reduce the risk of these conditions.

Consult with your veterinarian to determine if joint supplements are appropriate for your Maltese dog, especially if they show signs of joint discomfort or are older in age. Follow the recommended dosage based on your dog’s weight and choose a supplement specifically designed for dogs.

Addressing Common Dietary Challenges for Maltese Dogs

While Maltese dogs are generally healthy, there are some common dietary challenges that owners may encounter. Here are a few challenges and tips to overcome them:

1. Picky Eaters

Some Maltese dogs can be picky eaters, making it challenging to ensure they receive adequate nutrition. If your Maltese dog is a picky eater, try the following strategies:

  1. Experiment with different flavors and textures of food to find what entices your dog.
  2. Add a small amount of low-sodium, dog-friendly broth to their food for added flavor.
  3. Try warming their food slightly to enhance the aroma.

If your Maltese dog continues to exhibit picky eating behavior, consult with your veterinarian to rule out any underlying medical conditions.

2. Food Allergies or Sensitivities

Some Maltese dogs may develop food allergies or sensitivities, resulting in symptoms like itching, gastrointestinal upset, or skin irritations. If you suspect your dog has food allergies, consider the following steps:

  1. Consult with your veterinarian to identify the specific allergens through elimination diets or allergy testing.
  2. Switch to a hypoallergenic dog food formula that avoids common allergens like wheat, soy, or dairy.
  3. Avoid feeding your Maltese dog table scraps or foods that contain potential allergens.

Always consult with your veterinarian before making any dietary changes for an allergic dog.

3. Obesity

Due to their small size and faster metabolism, Maltese dogs can easily become overweight, which can lead to various health issues. If your Maltese dog is overweight, consider the following strategies:

  1. Reduce their portion sizes and monitor their calorie intake.
  2. Incorporate more exercise into their daily routine, such as short walks or playtime.
  3. Avoid feeding high-calorie treats and opt for healthier alternatives, like carrots or blueberries.
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If your Maltese dog continues to struggle with obesity, consult with your veterinarian for a tailored weight management plan.


Providing your Maltese dog with a balanced and nutritious diet is essential for their overall health and well-being. By understanding their unique nutritional needs, choosing the right food, offering appropriate supplements, and addressing common dietary challenges, you can ensure your furry friend leads a healthy and happy life. Remember to consult with your veterinarian for personalized advice and monitor your dog’s weight and health regularly. With proper care and nutrition, your Maltese dog will thrive and bring you joy for many years to come.

Key Takeaways

  • Maltese dogs should have a balanced diet of quality dog food designed for small breeds.
  • Include lean proteins like chicken and fish in their meals.
  • Fruits and vegetables such as carrots and blueberries can provide essential vitamins.
  • Avoid feeding them toxic foods like chocolate, onions, and grapes.
  • Consult with a veterinarian to determine the appropriate portion sizes and feeding schedule.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are you a proud owner of a Maltese dog and want to ensure they have a healthy diet? Here are some frequently asked questions about what Maltese dogs should eat.

1. What are the essential nutrients Maltese dogs need in their diet?

Maltese dogs require a balanced diet consisting of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals. Protein is crucial for their growth and repair, while carbohydrates provide energy. Fats are necessary for healthy skin and coat. Additionally, vitamins and minerals help support their overall well-being. Always consult with a veterinarian to determine the right proportions for your Maltese dog’s diet.

2. Can Maltese dogs eat fruits and vegetables?

Yes, Maltese dogs can enjoy fruits and vegetables as part of their diet. However, it’s important to be cautious. Some fruits, such as grapes and raisins, can be toxic to dogs. Avoid feeding them anything that has seeds, pits, or cores. Opt for dog-friendly fruits like apples (without seeds), blueberries, and bananas. For vegetables, steamed or cooked options like carrots, green beans, and broccoli are great choices. Remember to cut the fruits and vegetables into small, bite-sized pieces.

3. Can Maltese dogs eat human food?

While it is best to provide your Maltese dog with a balanced dog food diet, small amounts of certain human foods can be incorporated. However, be aware of foods that are toxic to dogs, such as chocolate, onions, garlic, and caffeine. Plain, cooked meats like chicken or turkey without seasoning can be served occasionally as a special treat. It’s important to avoid excessive amounts of fatty foods, as they can cause digestive issues in dogs.

4. How often should I feed my Maltese dog?

A typical feeding schedule for a Maltese dog is twice a day, dividing their daily portion into two meals. This helps with digestion and ensures they receive a steady supply of energy throughout the day. Take care not to overfeed them, as obesity can lead to health problems. Additionally, always make sure fresh water is available for your Maltese dog to stay hydrated.

5. Should I supplement my Maltese dog’s diet with vitamins?

Most commercially available dog foods already contain the necessary vitamins and minerals for your Maltese dog’s optimal health. However, it’s always a good idea to consult with a veterinarian before adding any supplements to their diet. Over-supplementing can be harmful to your dog’s health, so it’s important to follow professional advice. A balanced and nutritious diet should typically fulfill their vitamin and mineral requirements.

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